Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine. If looking face on at someone’s back, scoliosis can either be C shaped or S shaped. This is common and often does not cause pain.




Types of Scoliosis


  • Congenital – This is the type that people are born with, when the spine does not fully form in the womb.


  • Neuromuscular – Caused by neurological conditions such as spina bifida and cerebral palsy.


  • Early onset idiopathic (occurs between the ages of births and 10 years old) and Adolescent idiopathic (between the ages of 10 and 18) – This type of scoliosis forms for unknown reasons. If you suspect your child may have a scoliosis it is important to take them to a health care professional so they can be monitored to make sure that the scoliosis is not getting worse.


  • Degenerative – This happens in adults who have a history of scoliosis, as there is increased pressure on the bones and joints on the concave side of the curvature. This can increase the wear on those joints causing the scoliosis to worsen.




Your scoliosis will be diagnosed by a health care professional such as a chiropractor/ osteopath or orthopaedic specialist. They will do this through x-raying. Then measuring the angle of the curve in your spine. The angle will then determine the treatment needed.

Scoliosis may be surgically treated if the curvature is greater than 40 degrees using rods to fuse segments of your spine. Early onset/ adolescent Idiopathic scoliosis may be treated with a spinal brace if it is diagnosed in your child and appears to be getting worse. This is why it is so important to get your child’s spine checked regularly. Click here to read more information on the benefits of spinal checks in children.


scoliosis on xray


If you have a curvature and no pain, this is great. However, it is important to look after your spine to make sure this continues. Staying healthy, active and exercising regularly will greatly increase your chances of staying pain free. Including strength training into your training plan will help strengthen your body and back muscles. This will increase your body’s ability to adapt to different situations therefore keeping you healthy and able to do all the things you want to do. Seeing your osteopath or chiropractor for regular well-being treatment will also be beneficial to keep your spine moving and functioning amazingly. They may give you some stretches like this one to release tension through your spine and your rib cage. Why not give it a go!

We would love to hear of any of your stories and experiences. Especially with what has helped you get fitter, healthier and stronger. Post below with your comments.